Every refrigerator and air conditioner contains chemical refrigerants that absorb and release heat to enable chilling. Refrigerants, specifically CFCs and HCFCs, were once culprits in depleting the ozone layer. Thanks to the 1987 Montreal Protocol, they have been phased out. HFCs, the primary replacement, spare the ozone layer, but have 1,000 to 9,000 times greater capacity to warm the atmosphere than carbon dioxide.
In October 2016, officials from more than 170 countries met in Kigali, Rwanda, to negotiate a deal to address this problem. Through an amendment to the Montreal Protocol, the world will phase out HFCs—starting with high-income countries in 2019, then some low-income countries in 2024 and others in 2028. Substitutes are already on the market, including natural refrigerants such as propane and ammonium. [Source: https://www.drawdown.org/solutions/materials/refrigerant-management ]
A building envelope is comprised of the components that make up the shell of the building. The components separate the exterior from the interior of the building, and are designed to meet or exceed the needs of the specific application. The building envelope may also be described as what separates the interior areas that are temperature controlled (conditioned) space from exterior unheated (unconditioned) space. To break it down any area that is heated or air conditioned is considered a conditioned area where as any area that isn’t would be considered an unconditioned area. The building envelope must be designed with regard to climate, ventilation, and energy consumption within the building.
The many functions of the building envelope can be separated into three categories:
Support (to resist and transfer mechanical loads)
Control (the flow of matter and energy of all types)
Finish (to meet human desires on the inside and outside)
A pilot project to turn 10 homes in Nottingham into net-zero emission properties without residents even moving out is nearing completion.
Developer Melius Homes and social landlord Nottingham City Homes have worked together on the scheme, with UK solar manufacturer Viridian Solar providing photovoltaic roofing.
The upgrades also include better insulated outside walls and upgraded heating systems. Upgraded housing is crucial so people can live in better conditions and feel safe and secure in their own home. If however you are wanting something upgraded in America as you fancy a change, then there are some excellent and luxurious houses for to explore on essex homes charlotte for you to invest in or turn into your perfect dream house. There are some beautiful properties in the UK too but if you are wanting to save financially and are wanting more out of life, and even one day own more than one property, you can build a property empire for you and your family. Maybe after checking out properties in Nottingham you will want to search further and push yourself out of your comfort zone…
After the refurbishment, tenants will pay an energy services fee instead of paying for gas and electricity.
With this guaranteed additional income, to which savings on planned maintenance costs are added, the landlord can borrow enough money to fund the upfront costs. It can be hard for landlords to stay on top of their monthly rental collections, as well as being able to sort out any maintenance work. This new strategy, along with any help that they may decide to get from property management companies can help them to be a successful landlord, as well as having a solid relationship with their tenants.
The goal is to drive better economies of scale so the work can be completed at an attractive price requiring no government support.
Stuart Elmes, CEO of Viridian Solar, said: “The opportunity it offers to completely regenerate whole areas of our towns and cities, increasing the value of property and improving the comfort of tenants, all financed by energy savings is amazing.”
The 10 homes in Nottingham are a pilot study, with an option to extend the programme to 400 more.